Primary Disability

Although it is possible that a student may have more than one disability, enter the disability most indicative of the student’s primary disability. A student evaluated and determined by an IEP team to be a student with a disability or a student with a developmental delay, who, because of the disability requires special education and related services:

  • Autism
  • Deaf-blindness
  • Deafness
  • Developmental delay1
  • Emotional disturbance
  • Hearing impairment
  • Mental retardation
  • Multiple disabilities2
  • Orthopedic impairment
  • Other health impairment
  • Specific learning disability
  • Speech or language impairment
  • Traumatic brain injury
  • Visual impairment, including blindness 


1 Please refer to local policies, procedures, and practices relative to students with a developmental delay.

2 “The IEP team is to document, to the extent the IEP has information and data to support the presence of two or more disabling conditions that manifest themselves with such severe educational problems that the student's educational needs must be addressed through specialized instruction and supplementary services that address the multiple identified disabilities. Following federal guidance, these disabilities may be a combination of:

  • Sensory and cognitive impairments, such as mental retardation and blindness,
  • Sensory and physical impairments, such as blindness and orthopedic impairment, or
  • Cognitive and physical impairments, such as mental retardation and orthopedic impairment."

[34 C.F.R. §300.8(a)]